In recent years ad-hoc parallel data processing has emerged to be one of the killer applications for Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) clouds. Major Cloud computing companies have started to integrate frameworks for parallel data processing in their product portfolio, making it easy for customers to access these services and to deploy their programs. However, the processing frameworks which are currently used have been designed for static, homogeneous cluster setups and disregard the particular nature of a cloud.
Consequently, the allocated compute resources may be inadequate for big parts of the submitted job and unnecessarily increase processing time and cost. In this paper we discuss the opportunities and challenges for efficient parallel data processing in clouds and present our research project. It is the first data processing framework to explicitly exploit the dynamic resource allocation offered by today’s IaaS clouds for both, task scheduling and execution. Particular tasks of a processing job can be assigned to different types of virtual machines which are automatically instantiated and terminated during the job execution.
A growing number of companies have to process huge amounts of data in a cost-efficient manner. Classic representatives for these companies are operators of Internet search engines. The vast amount of data they have to deal with every day has made traditional database solutions prohibitively expensive .Instead, these companies have popularized an architectural paradigm based on a large number of commodity servers. Problems like processing crawled documents or regenerating a web index are split into several independent subtasks, distributed among the available nodes, and computed in parallel.
In recent years a variety of systems to facilitate MTC has been developed. Although these systems typically share common goals (e.g. to hide issues of parallelism or fault tolerance), they aim at different fields of application. MapReduce is designed to run data analysis jobs on a large amount of data, which is expected to be stored across a large set of share-nothing commodity servers.
Once a user has fit his program into the required map and reduce pattern, the execution framework takes care of splitting the job into subtasks, distributing and executing them. A single Map Reduce job always consists of a distinct map and reduce program.
- Network Module
- LBS Services
- System Model
- Scheduled Task
- Query Processing
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