Cut detection in wireless sensor networks

A wireless sensor network can get separated into multiple connected components due to the failure of some of its nodes, which is called a “cut”. In this article we consider the problem of detecting cuts by the remaining nodes of a wireless sensor network. We propose an algorithm that allows (i) every node to detect when the connectivity to a specially designated node has been lost, and (ii) one or more nodes (that are connected to the special node after the cut) to detect the occurrence of the cut. The algorithm is distributed and asynchronous: every node needs to communicate with only those nodes that are within its communication range. The algorithm is based on the iterative computation of a fictitious “electrical potential” of the nodes. The convergence rate of the underlying iterative scheme is independent of the size and structure of the network.

Existing System:

Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks (WMSNs) has many challenges such as nature of wireless media and multimedia information transmission. Consequently traditional mechanisms for network layers are no longer acceptable or applicable for these networks. Wireless sensor network can get separated into multiple connected components due to the failure of some of its nodes, which is called a “cut”. Existing cut detection system deployed only for wired networks

Proposed System:

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are a promising technology for monitoring large regions at high spatial and temporal resolution .Failure of a set of nodes will reduce the number of multi-hop paths in the network. Such failures can cause a subset of nodes – that have not failed – to become disconnected from the rest, resulting in a “cut”. Two nodes are said to be disconnected if there is no path between them. We consider the problem of detecting cuts by the nodes of a wireless network. We assume that there is a specially designated node in the network, which we call the source nodeSince a cut may or may not separate a node from the source node, we distinguish between two distinct outcomes of a cut for a particular node.

When a node u is disconnected from the source, we say that a DOS (Disconnected frOm Source) event has occurred for u. When a cut occurs in the network that does not separate a node u from the source node, we say that CCOS (Connected, but a Cut Occurred Somewhere) event has occurred for u. By cut detection we mean (i) detection by each node of a DOS event when it occurs, and (ii) detection of CCOS events by the nodes close to a cut, and the approximate location of the cut. In this article we propose a distributed algorithm to detect cuts, named the Distributed Cut Detection (DCD) algorithm. The algorithm allows each node to detect DOS events and a subset of nodes to detect CCOS events. The algorithm we propose is distributed and asynchronous: it involves only local communication between neighboring nodes, and is robust to temporary communication failure between node pairs The convergence rate of the computation is independent of the size and structure of the network.

Modules:

  • DISTRIBUTED CUT DETECTION
  • CUT
  • SOURCE NODE
  • CCOS AND DOS
  • NETWORK SEPERATION

Tools Used:

Front End : HTML, Java, Jsp