HASBE: A Hierarchical Attribute-Based Solution for Flexible and Scalable Access Control in Cloud Computing

Cloud computing has emerged as one of the most influential paradigms in the IT industry in recent years. Since this new computing technology requires users to entrust their valuable data to cloud providers, there have been increasing security and privacy concerns on outsourced data. Several schemes employing attribute-based encryption (ABE) have been proposed for access control of outsourced data in cloud computing; however, most of them suffer from inflexibility in implementing complex access control policies. In order to realize scalable, flexible, and fine-grained access control of outsourced data in cloud computing, in this paper, we propose hierarchical attribute-set-based encryption (HASBE) by extending ciphertext-policy attribute-set-based encryption (ASBE) with a hierarchical structure of users.

The proposed scheme not only achieves scalability due to its hierarchical structure, but also inherits flexibility and fine-grained access control in supporting compound attributes of ASBE. In addition, HASBE employs multiple value assignments for access expiration time to deal with user revocation more efficiently than existing schemes. We formally prove the security of HASBE based on security of the cipher text-policy attribute-based encryption (CP-ABE) scheme by Bethencourt et al. and analyze its performance and computational complexity. We implement our scheme and show that it is both efficient and flexible in dealing with access control for outsourced data in cloud computing with comprehensive experiments.

Existing System:

Our existing solution applies cryptographic methods by disclosing data decryption keys only to authorize users.
These solutions inevitably introduce a heavy computation overhead on the data owner for key distribution and data management when fine grained data access control is desired, and thus do not scale well.

Proposed System:

This proposed system addresses this challenging open issue by, on one hand, defining and enforcing access policies based on data attributes, and, on the other hand, allowing the data owner to delegate most of the computation tasks involved in fine grained data access control to un-trusted cloud servers without disclosing the underlying data contents.
We propose a hierarchical attribute-set-based encryption (HASBE) scheme for access control in cloud computing. HASBE extends the ciphertext-policy attribute- set-based encryption (CP-ASBE, or ASBE for short) scheme with a hierarchical structure of system users, so as to achieve scalable, flexible and fine-grained access control.

Modules:

  • Data Owner Module
  • Data Consumer Module
  • Cloud Server Module
  • Attribute based key generation Module

Tools Used:

Front End : J2EE
Back End : MySQL