Provable data possession (PDP) is a technique for ensuring the integrity of data in storage outsourcing. In this paper, we address the construction of an efficient PDP scheme for distributed cloud storage to support the scalability of service and data migration, in which we consider the existence of multiple cloud service providers to cooperatively store and maintain the clients’ data. We present a cooperative PDP (CPDP) scheme based on homomorphic verifiable response and hash index hierarchy.
We prove the security of our scheme based on multi-prover zero-knowledge proof system, which can satisfy completeness, knowledge soundness, and zero-knowledge properties. In addition, we articulate performance optimization mechanisms for our scheme, and in particular present an efficient method for selecting optimal parameter values to minimize the computation costs of clients and storage service providers. Our experiments show that our solution introduces lower computation and communication overheads in comparison with non-cooperative approaches.
There exist various tools and technologies for multi cloud, such as Platform VM Orchestrator, VMwarevSphere, and Ovirt. These tools help cloud providers construct a distributed cloud storage platform for managing clients’ data. However, if such an important platform is vulnerable to security attacks, it would bring irretrievable losses to the clients. For example, the confidential data in an enterprise may be illegally accessed through a remote interface provided by a multi-cloud, or relevant data and archives may be lost or tampered with when they are stored into an· uncertain storage pool outside the enterprise. Therefore, it is indispensable for cloud service providers to provide security techniques for managing their storage services.
To check the availability and integrity of outsourced data in cloud storages, researchers have proposed two basic approaches called Provable Data Possession and Proofs of Retrievability .Ateniese et al. first proposed the PDP model for ensuring possession of files on untrusted storages and provided an RSA-based scheme for a static case that achieves the communication cost. They also proposed a publicly verifiable version, which allows anyone, not just the owner, to challenge the server for data possession.
They proposed a lightweight PDP scheme based on cryptographic hash function and symmetric key encryption, but the servers can deceive the owners by using previous metadata or responses due to the lack of randomness in the challenges. The numbers of updates and challenges are limited and fixed in advance and users cannot perform block insertions anywhere.
- Multi Cloud Storage
- Cooperative PDP
- Data Integrity
- Third Party Auditor
- Cloud User
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