Optimal Power Allocation in Multi-Relay MIMO Cooperative Networks: Theory and Algorithms

Cooperative networking is known to have significant potential in increasing network capacity and transmission reliability. Although there have been extensive studies on applying cooperative networking in multi-hop ad hoc networks, most works are limited to the basic three-node relay scheme and single-antenna systems. These two limitations are interconnected and both are due to a limited theoretical understanding of the optimal power allocation structure in MIMO cooperative networks (MIMO-CN).

In this paper, we study the structural properties of the optimal power allocation in MIMO-CN with per-node power constraints. More specifically, we show that the optimal power allocations at the source and each relay follow a matching structure in MIMO-CN. This result generalizes the power allocation result under the basic three-node setting to the multi-relay setting, for which the optimal power allocation structure has been heretofore unknown. We further quantify the performance gain due to cooperative relay and establish a connection between cooperative relay and pure relay. Finally, based on these structural insights, we reduce the MIMO-CN rate maximization problem to an equivalent scalar formulation. We then propose a global optimization method to solve this simplified and equivalent problem.

Existing System:

In Existing System, the multi-hop ad hoc networks most works are limited to the basic three-node relay scheme and single –antenna systems. These two limitations are interconnected and both are due to a limited theoretical understanding of the optimal power allocation structure in MIMO cooperative networks (MIMO-CN). So, capacity level is very low. Indeed, most of current works on wireless networks attempt to create, adapt, and manage a network on a maze of point-to-point non-cooperative wireless links. Such architectures can be seen as complex networks of simple links

Proposed System:

In Proposed system we use Cooperative diversity. It is a cooperative multiple antenna technique for improving or maximizing total network channel capacities for any given set of bandwidths which exploits user diversity by decoding the combined signal of the relayed signal and the direct signal in wireless multi hop networks. A conventional single hop system uses direct transmission where a receiver decodes the information only based on the direct signal while regarding the relayed signal as interference, whereas the cooperative diversity considers the other signal as contribution.

Modules:

  • Three-node relay transmission
  • Network Constraints
  • Relaying Strategies
  • Cooperative Communications & Optimal Power allocation
  • Multi-hop Transmission

Tools Used:

Front End : C#.NET