Secure and Practical Outsourcing of Linear Programming in Cloud Computing

Cloud Computing has great potential of providing robust computational power to the society at reduced cost. It enables customers with limited computational resources to outsource their large computation workloads to the cloud, and economically enjoy the massive computational power, bandwidth, storage, and even appropriate software that can be shared in a pay-per-use manner. Despite the tremendous benefits, security is the primary obstacle that prevents the wide adoption of this promising computing model, especially for customers when their confidential data are consumed and produced during the computation.

On the one hand, the outsourced computation workloads often contain sensitive information, such as the business financial records, proprietary research data, or personally identifiable health information etc. To combat against unauthorized information leakage, sensitive data have to be encrypted before outsourcing so as to provide end to- end data confidentiality assurance in the cloud and beyond. However, ordinary data encryption techniques in essence prevent cloud from performing any meaningful operation of the underlying plaintext data, making the computation over encrypted data a very hard problem.

On the other hand, the operational details inside the cloud are not transparent enough to customers. As a result, there do exist various motivations for cloud server to behave unfaithfully and to return incorrect results, i.e., they may behave beyond the classical semi honest model.

Existing System:

Despite the tremendous benefits, outsourcing computation to the commercial public cloud is also depriving customers’ direct control over the systems that consume and produce their data during the computation, which inevitably brings in new security concerns and challenges towards this promising computing model. On the one hand, the outsourced computation workloads often contain sensitive information, such as the business financial records, proprietary research data, or personally identifiable health information etc.

To combat against unauthorized information leakage, sensitive data have to be encrypted before outsourcing. so as to provide end to- end data confidentiality assurance in the cloud and beyond. However, ordinary data encryption techniques in essence prevent cloud from performing any meaningful operation of the underlying plaintext data, making the computation over encrypted data a very hard problem. On the other hand, the operational details inside the cloud are not transparent enough to customers. As a result, there do exist various motivations for cloud server to behave unfaithfully and to return incorrect results, i.e., they may behave beyond the classical semi hones model.

For example, for the computations that require a large amount of computing resources, there are huge financial incentives for the cloud to be “lazy” if the customers cannot tell the correctness of the output. Besides, possible software bugs, hardware failures, or even outsider attacks might also affect the quality of the computed results. Thus, we argue that the cloud is intrinsically not secure from the viewpoint of customers. Without providing a mechanism for secure computation outsourcing, i.e., to protect the sensitive input and output information of the workloads and to validate the integrity of the computation result, it would be hard to expect cloud customers to turn over control of their workloads from local machines to cloud solely based on its economic savings and resource flexibility.

For practical consideration, such a design should further ensure that customers perform less amount of operations following the mechanism than completing the computations by themselves directly. Otherwise, there is no point for customers to seek help from cloud. Recent researches in both the cryptography and the theoretical computer science communities have made steady advances in “secure outsourcing expensive computations”

Proposed System:

On the one hand, the outsourced computation workloads often contain sensitive information, such as the business financial records, proprietary research data, or personally identifiable health information etc. To combat against unauthorized information leakage, sensitive data have to be encrypted before outsourcing so as to provide end to- end data confidentiality assurance in the cloud and beyond.

However, ordinary data encryption techniques in essence prevent cloud from performing any meaningful operation of the underlying plaintext data, making the computation over encrypted data a very hard problem. On the other hand, the operational details inside the cloud are not transparent enough to customers.

As a result, there do exist various motivations for cloud server to behave unfaithfully and to return incorrect results, i.e., they may behave beyond the classical semi honest model. Fully homomorphic encryption (FHE) scheme, a general result of secure computation outsourcing has been shown viable in theory, where the computation is represented by an encrypted combinational Boolean circuit that allows to be evaluated with encrypted private inputs.

Modules:

  • Mechanism Design Framework
  • Basic Techniques
  • Enhanced Techniques via Affine Mapping
  • Result Verification

Tools Used:

Front End : HTML, JAVA
Back End : Mysql